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Snapshot of Mexico’s Key Data in Facts & Figures (2024)

This article shares a snapshot of Mexico's geographic, demographic, and key economic data, updated annually using latest official data

Charts and data on a table

Learn about Mexico in facts and figures. Updated annually, this article shares a snapshot of Mexico’s geographic, demographic, and key economic data.

We update this article each year when key annual economic data about Mexico get published by institutions including the Bank of Mexico and Mexico’s national statistics institute, INEGI.

Last Updated: March 2024

Mexico’s geography and demographics

Land area and time zones

Mexico’s territory covers an area of ~1,972,000 square kilometers (~769,000 square miles) and has four time zones.

Geographical location

Mexico border the United States to the north and Guatemala, in Central America, to the south. Mexico is classed as a member of Latin American nations, and is part of the North American continent (not South or Central America as is sometimes incorrectly  asserted).

Current population

c.132 million. (Source: CONAPO mid-year 2024 projection.)
See also: 2020 Census

Capital city

The capital of Mexico is Mexico City, with an estimated population (including catchment areas) of over 20 million people.

Language in Mexico

Spanish is the official language, and around 50 different languages are also spoken by the indigenous peoples of Mexico; the most prominent of which include: Náhuatl, Zapotec, Purépecha, Otomí and (in the Yucatán region) various Maya languages.

Religion in Mexico

~90% Roman Catholic. Mexico is a politically liberal country that welcomes people of all faiths and religions, as well as those who practice none. Mexican law makes it illegal to discriminate against others here on the grounds of religion, race, socio-economic status, gender, and sexual orientation.

Government structure

Federal Republic, democratically elected President, bicameral Congress.
See Also: Mexico’s government structure

Current president

Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the MORENA party. Sworn-in December 1, 2018 for a non-renewable six-year term. The next presidential elections are scheduled to take place in June 2024, and the next change of administration will happen on Oct. 1, 2024.

Mexico’s economic data and key indicators

Mexico’s currency

Mexican Peso (100 centavos = 1 Peso). For exchange rates and other useful information see Money in Mexico here on Mexperience.

Mexico’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Here are some key economic indicators from recent official data published by INEGI and the Bank of Mexico.

  • Mexico’s nominal Gross Domestic Product is around US$1.8 trillion.
  • GDP growth in 2023 was 3.2%, following a 3.9% increase in 2022, having recovered from the 8.6% contraction in 2020 when many activities were closed for several months because of the coronavirus.
  • Last year’s growth was supported by solid household consumption supported by growth in employment and wages, and record remittances which ended the year at $63.3 billion. Industrial production was helped by government infrastructure spending, and fixed investment made a significant recovery, growing by more than 20%.
  • The central bank forecasts that Mexico’s GDP will grow 2.8% in 2023.

Inflation in Mexico

Inflation at the end of 2023 was 4.7%, after falling from a two-decade high the previous year. It’s expected to decline in 2024 to 4.1%, according to economist estimates, but still to remain above the Bank of Mexico’s 3% target.

Mexico’s sales tax rates

Sales tax in Mexico is known as IVA Impuesto al Valor Agregado, or Value Added Tax (VAT). The rate is 16% for most of the country with a lower 8% rate in the 25 km (16 mile) deep ‘economic free zone’ corridor along the US-Mexico border.

Most goods and services, including financial service charges and commissions (and also includes interest on unsecured debts) have the IVA rate applied to them. Notable items exempt from the IVA include staple foods, and medicines.

Minimum Daily Wage (MDW) in Mexico

Mexico’s minimum daily wage was raised on Jan 1, 2024 to $248.93 pesos per day, a 20% increase from $207.44 pesos in 2023.

The minimum wage along the Northern Border Zone was raised to $374.89 pesos a day from $312.41 pesos a day.

See also: Mexico’s minimum wage

Mexico’s principal economic activities

Mexico’s principal economic activities include exports of manufactured goods, oil and gas, tourism, mining, chemicals, iron and steel, motor vehicles, agriculture (coffee, sugar, tomatoes, avocados, tobacco), food and beverages, consumer durables.

Major trading partners

USA, Canada, UK, China, and Japan.


Mexico is a member of USMCA, the U.S. Mexico Canada Agreement which is a renegotiated version of the North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA

Other free trade agreements

Besides USMCA, Mexico has other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with over 40 countries worldwide, including the European Union and Japan.

Learn more about money and currency in Mexico

Read our latest articles and guides related to money and finances.

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