Mexico Essentials, Mexico Safety

Tips for Visiting Mexico’s Pyramids and Archaeology Sites

Climbing Pyramids in Mexico

One of the most rewarding travel experiences Mexico offers is an opportunity to visit its pyramids and archaeology sites—ancient towns and cities where the Aztec, Maya, Toltec, Zapotec and other civilizations lived, and where their history can be explored and learned about.

Many of the archaeology sites are situated in remote areas which may also be exposed to the elements.  Preparing for your visit and considering what you take with you on the day can help to make your visit more enjoyable, avoid inconveniences, and prevent accidents.

Opening times – Except for the country’s most popular archaeology sites which are open 365 days a year (most usually situated on the Yucatán peninsula), sites and museums across Mexico are closed on Mondays.  Archaeology sites open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.  Chichen Itzá and Uxmal offer an after-dark ‘light and sound’ show which begins around 8 or 9 p.m.—check locally for details.

Entry feesINAH is Mexico’s government institution responsible for the management of the country’s museums and archaeological treasures, and charges a set fee of $70 pesos (about US$4) for entry to all archaeology sites and museums nationwide.  Some states, especially in the Yucatán, levy additional charges for entry.  If you are a foreign resident in Mexico, you may be granted access for no charge, or at a discount, depending on the policy of the site or museum—you must present your Mexican residency card at the entrance to qualify.  Entry to museums and archaeology sites is free to Mexican nationals and legal foreign residents on Sundays. (Thus, Sunday is always the most crowded day of the week at these places.)

Sun protection – Mexico’s sun is intense year-round, and it’s important to protect yourself and your family (especially young children) from the sun’s UV rays when you visit archaeology sites.  Some locations, like Palenque in the state of Chiapas, offer some natural shade from the sun through the presence of trees and other natural foliage on-site; however, most are exposed and offer little or no shade from the sun. (The Sun’s UV light penetrates cloud cover, so protection is necessary even on overcast days.) We recommend you wear high-factor sun protection cream and take a hat to protect your head and neck.  Some people take umbrellas (parasols) with them, which can be very effective on flat ground—but it’s best not to have these open when ascending or descending from buildings and structures. (See ‘Steep Climbs’ below for more details.)

Drinking water – Take drinking water with you to stay hydrated on your visit; this is especially important in jungle regions and exposed areas, where a combination of the heat, humidity, and/or altitude can quickly dehydrate your body and put your health at risk.  If you forget to take water, you can purchase bottles from the local stores, market stalls, or ambulant vendors near the site.

Footwear – Most archaeology sites are situated in Mexico’s rural wilderness, with uneven ground, rocky paths, and ancient structures which are characterized by steep, narrow steps and pathways which can be awkward to negotiate.  Flip-flops and other loose leisure footwear is not recommended: the accidents that occur every year at Mexico’s archaeology parks are often due to visitors wearing inadequate footwear causing injury through slips and falls. Protect your feet with good quality footwear that will deliver a decent grip on rough terrain, and protect your ankles in the event of a slip.  Robust footwear is especially important if you’re climbing structures—if you slip and fall on steep, narrow, steps you could become seriously injured; falls from high structures can also be fatal.  During the monsoon season, when the structures can become drenched in rain, steps and pathways can become extremely slippery.

Steep climbs – Some of the archaeology sites allow visitors to climb the pyramids and other structures.  This opportunity provides good exercise and, when you get to the top of a tall structure, you’re rewarded with extraordinary views across the site and across the local landscape.  However, the climbs are usually steep, and the steps leading up to the top are often narrow.  You will need to be physically fit to be able to climb tall structures, and you should ensure that you’re wearing adequate footwear (see above) to mitigate your risks of slips and falls.

Insect repellent – Mosquitoes, wasps, and a plethora of other bugs make their home in the areas where many of the archaeological sites are situated.  How affected you may be by these will depend on the location and the season; however, the irritations caused by insects can be mitigated by wearing long-sleeve shirts and trousers, and/or applying insect repellent to your skin.  If you forgot to pack repellent, repelente de insectos is readily available from local pharmacies and supermarkets: you can buy the synthetic ingredient brands, e.g. “Off,” as well as natural ingredient brands often called “Citronella”—relating to the citrus oils they use in the formula.

Crowds – Popular archaeology sites become crowded from about 11 a.m. each day—when the tour buses arrive.  If you want to experience the archaeology site amidst a more relaxed and less crowded atmosphere, arrive early—doors open at 8 a.m.  Some sites, like Chichen Itzá and Uxmal have hotels/inns situated adjacent to the park—an ideal base for an overnight stay with ready access to the site long before the crowds arrive.

Wildlife – You may see local wildlife roaming throughout the sites—iguanas are particularly prevalent in the Yucatán—other species can include Spider Monkeys, snakes and exotic birds.  They usually leave humans well-alone, and they too should be left to their own devices: don’t touch or disturb any wildlife you may encounter, some of which are protected species.

Archaeological artifacts – You might find (or be quietly offered for sale) genuine archaeological artifacts and trinkets (including small ‘stones’ featuring ancient engravings). It’s a criminal offense in Mexico to remove any archaeological artifacts, trinkets, or objects from sites (or the country itself) and if you are caught trying to take these types of ‘memento’ home, you may be detained: expect all items to be confiscated; stiff fines and, in exceptional cases, a prison sentence may be imposed. The Mexicans are very sensitive about this matter: don’t put yourself into a difficult situation by attempting to collect any ancient archaeological pieces on your visit.

Ambulant vendors and market stalls – Some of the more popular sites have ambulant vendors roaming the areas outside (sometimes inside) the site itself, selling a range of souvenirs as well as other practical items like bottled water, parasols, and sun cream.  Take some cash with you as the local vendors and market stalls don’t accept credit or debit cards.

Cameras and video equipment – You can take cameras and smart phones with you for use inside archaeological sites and museums; although if you want to take a tripod or professional video equipment, you will need to apply and pay for a special permit.  See Mexico Essentials: Video and Photography for details.

Use of drones – The latest travel accessory for some visitors is a drone—to fly and take video and/or pictures from the sky above.  INAH prohibits the use of drones at all archaeology sites across Mexico and has signs posted to warn visitors about this regulation.  If you have a drone, don’t take it to the archaeology site as using it there can result in its confiscation.

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